Some agencies help them to apply for multiple entry tourist L visa or noncommercial visit F visa and then they use it to enter and exit regularly. She is a native Beijinger who has studied and lived in the United States for many years. Jobs |  Article 25 of the PRC Constitution reads: âThe state promotes family planning so that population growth may fit the plans for economic and social development.â Xian FA art. The Peopleâs Republic of China (PRC) declares that it protects a wide range of childrenâs rights through domestic legislation and by ratifying and joining the relevant international treaties.Â The PRC Constitution provides for the state protection of children, and prohibits maltreatment of children. Child Labor Laws In China. It has been reported that the retirement age will be increased by five years for both male and female employees. - Applicant's valid actual passport with at least six months before expiry and at least one blank page left in it. The Standard Working Hour System provides that an employee may work no more than 8 hours per day and, as such, working hours are capped at 40 hours per week. 240.Â 1997 Fagui Huibian, 18, 83 (official source).  G.A.  Renkou Yu Jihua Shengyu Fa [Law on the Population and Family Planning] (promulgated by the NPC Standing Committee, effective Sept. 1, 2002), art. China's legal marriage age, both for men and women, is high compared with those in other countries. Work until 60 Cambodia 65, Expect to get lower soon China Minimum age 18 – Maximum age 57 years, With foreign expert certificate to late 60s. I have an offer to teach English in China. Working hours for most China employees are usually determined under China’s “standard working hours system,” and in most places in China, that means a 40-hour work week — 8 hours a day and 5 days a week. Hi ,I’m Mrs Nadia . - One recent passport standard photo affixed to the Application Form. It usually takes 4 working days for processing. August 2007,  For purposes of this report only, the âPRCâ and âChinaâ used hereafter refers to the mainland of the Peopleâs Republic of China, with the exclusion of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macau Special Administrative Region, and Taiwan. 10063 -2004579) (last visited Aut. - Applicants need to submit one of the following work permits obtained through their employers in China:a. (No. Before The PRC Labor Law (Labor Law) was passed in 1994, the State Council issued The Provisions on the Prohibition of Using Child Labor (Child Labor Provisions) to prohibit child labor in 1991, which were amended in 2002. 2007-03/05/content_5800253.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). Age and other types of discrimination are generally prohibited by laws and regulations at various levels. Do I need to show proof of a bachelors degree in order to receive the visa? 44/25, annex, 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR, 21st Sess. Â The PRC Law on the Population and Family Planning âadvocatesâ one couple to have only one child, with exceptions provided by provincial-level population control regulations when a couple âmay applyâ to have two children (most likely to couples in rural areas whose first child is female)..  G.A. Eighteen is the age of majority in China.Â Under the Minors Protection Law, âminorsâ are defined as citizens less than eighteen years old. 1999 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 276 (P.R.C.)  2002 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 308 (P.R.C.) I have heard that you need to be employed in the country by 58 or 59 and then renewing the visa is OK, thereafter. 1448 (1989). Generally speaking, Chinese embassy or consulate only issue single entry Z visa to aliens, thus we only list single entry Z visa fees for some major countries here. For example, you submit application on Monday and then you can pick up your visa on Thursday. Press | I.e Can I handmade products to sell online while also teaching English at a university? Note that usually the work visa is a single entry, with the duration of stay being 000, which means the duration is to be determined by the Temporary Residence Permit you get after entering China. [Focus on Minors: To Send What Kind of Children to the Work-StudySchool? 21638) (unofficial source). In contrast, the Flexible Working Hour System provides no limit on an employee’s working hours.  Broadcasting of any information on minor criminal offenders is prohibited. Â The newly revised Minors Protection Law entered into force on June 1, 2007. The minimum age for working varies by the situation. i’m singaporean and my boyfriend is from china. Im in my early 60's and still teaching in China. 35752) (unofficial source). (official source).Â See also, 2006 Zhongguo Falv Nianjian [2006 China Law Yearbook]Zhongguo Falv Nianjian [2006 China Law Yearbook] 491 (official source).Â For an online text, see the HCCH Web site, http://www.hcch.net/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=69 (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). In order to work in China legally as a foreigner, you would need to obtain a working visa, or Z visa, and additional documentation like work permit and resident permit. 34/180, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. Jinzhi Shiyong Tonggong Guiding [The Provisions on the Prohibition of Using Child Labor](promulgated by the State Council, effective April 15, 1991, amended Oct. 1, 2002, effective Dec. 1, 2002).Â 2002 Fagui Huibian 1210 (official source). Invitation Letter to Foreigners for Offshore Petroleum Operations - issued by National Offshore Oil Corporation. I China Work Visa Requirements & Documents 1. The duration of migrants’ labour contracts in China cannot exceed five years (1996 Rules, article 18). Â Article 55 requires the judiciary to appoint a special institution or personnel to handle juvenile cases.Â Up to 2007, China is reported to have organized 2420 juvenile tribunals in the courts around the country. If you start from finding a position in China and getting a Z visa prior to your arrival, becoming self-employed will be notably easier later. Â This number may have excluded the children of the migrant workers in the cities, who are not present at their household registration addresses and therefore hard to be calculated in the statistics.Â Their education resources are so insufficient that in 2003, the State Council circulated an official notice urging the local-level governments to improve equal education rights of the migrant children, in which it admits that the education of the migrant children has been an increasingly difficult problem of the county. Â For those special-needs children who are capable of studying in the ordinary school, the schools must accept them without discrimination and provide aids for their study and recovery, according to the law. The child labor laws in China forbid employers in the country from employing people considered to be minors. Â, In addition, China signed but did not ratify the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966 on October 5, 1998, which, up to now,Â has not taken effect in China.  The Information Office of the PRC State Council, Chinaâs Progress in Human Rights in 2004, available at the official news Web site, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-04/13/content_2822511.htm (external link). Â There are ten articles in this law specifically dealing with judicial protection.Â Unfortunately, most of these legislative declarations, are not enforced effectively in practice. However, there is some flexibility in these requirements, so if you are not in this age range and can find a willing employer, they may still be able to obtain approval for you. Would the Z visa allow that? This law guarantees the protection of all Chinese citizens under the age of 18.  Guanzhu Weichengnian Ren: Shenmeyang de Haizi Song Gongdu Xuexiao? (official source). The Statutory rape law now applies to underage prostitution as well. My husband wants to apply for a spouse visa to China , apart from the invitation letter he has to prepare what other documents is he suppose to send to me so that I can put together and apply for the visa? , Indecent assault against a womanâs will, or by force, may result in up to five years imprisonment.Â If the offence happens in public, the sentence may be over five years. (No. , To commit the crime of abducting and trafficking a woman or child in China may result in a range of punishments from five years imprisonment to the death penalty, according to The PRC Criminal Law. In theory, the standard work week in China runs from Monday to Friday from 9:00 am to 6pm, but in reality, overtime is the norm and most local companies don’t compensate their workers for it. This age is usually stated in a country’s constitution as the legal voting age.  The State Council Instructive Opinions on Launching Testing of Urban Residents Basic Insurance (July 10, 2007), available at the central government official Web site: http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2007-07/24/content_695118.htm (external link).  See Fan Rongqing, Weichegnian Ren Sifa Baohu de Kunjing Yu Sikao [Difficulties of and Thoughts on Judicial Protection of Minors], 2 Qingshaonian Fazui Wenti [Issues On Juvenile Crimes And Deliquency] 42-45 (2005).Â According to the author, a prosecutor in the Peopleâs Procuratorate in Shanghai, the Minors Protections Law has never been cited by the court when trying cases with minors as defendants.Â Id. Â It is worth noting that before the law took effect in 1999, it was not necessary that the parents or guardians agree to special placement; it could simply be enforced by the public security authorities.Â It is reported that the first work-study school was established in Beijing in 1955.Â The highest number of such schools around the country was 180; by 2004, however, only eighty-three were left. Â Among many laws and regulations providing childrenâs rights protection, the primary law in this field is ThePRC Law on the Protection of Minors (first passed in 1991, revised in 2006) (Minors Protection Law). Despite this, do not take a risk by working as a domestic helper or employing one to avoid being fined.Note: The most common employment in China for foreigners is teaching English for which the minimum qualifications are stated as having English as a first language and having at least a Bachelors degree and two year teaching experience. Major international documents relating to childrenâs rights that the PRC government has signed and ratified are as follows: It is worth noting that when deciding on ratification of the CRC, the PRC Standing Committee of the National Peopleâs Congress (NPC, Chinaâs top legislative body) made a reservation to Article 6 of the CRC on the inherent right to life, stating that China shall fulfill its obligation provided by this article under the prerequisite of planned birth provided by Article 25 of the PRC Constitution. Â The law also bans any entrance examinations for basic education. The law applies to both domestic and foreign-owned firms hiring employees in China. Physical Examination Record for Foreigner, 8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application Form, Top 8 Reasons Why Your China Visa Gets Rejected. Inspector General | Â Approximately 9.3% of the âmigrant childrenâ (those moving with their parents from villages to cities) do not get access to schools in the cities, according to a report of the China Youth Daily, a government related newspaper. 16) at 49, U.N. Doc. (No. Mailed applications are not acceptable. Res. 7, 2007).  China Pledges Free 9-year Education for Students in Rural West, Xinhua News Agency (Feb. 21, 2006), available at http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200602/21/eng20060221_244658.html (external link). [Back to Text]. 52706). You can also have a friend, a travel agency or visa agency to act on your behalf. Â In 2003, eight central government authorities including the Ministry of Labor, the Ministry of Public Security, and the Ministry of Education jointly issued a notice to reinforce implementation of Child Labor Provisions. Â This law sets up responsibilities of the families, the schools, and the government with regard to the protection of childrenâs rights, and judicial protection, as well.. She is fluent in English and in Mandarin Chinese, and works out of Harris Bricken’s Beijing and Seattle offices. Legal Working Age China: 16: By default India: 14: Restricted working hours and … Work (Z) visa for myself, but what should my wife do?  China Education Statistics, available at http://www.stats.edu.cn/sjcx.aspx (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007).  Laodong Baoxian Tiaoli [Regulation on the Labor Insurance] (promulgated by Zhengwu Yuan (then Chinaâs cabinet), effective Feb. 26, 1951).Â ChinaLawInfo (Chinalawinfo ID No. Log in or register to post comments; Anonymous (not verified) on 27 Nov 2013 - 07:01.  Muying Baojian Fa Shishi Banfa [Implementation Rules of the Maternal and Infant Health Law] (promulgated by the State Council, effective June 20, 2001). Res. The working-age population, which covers ages between 15 and 59, took 67.6 percent of the country's total population in 2013, down 1.6 percentage points from 2012. The State Council is now considering a new medical insurance system, aiming to cover children and other citizens who are not eligible to join the employeesâ basic medical insurance. 12 jobs to view and apply for now with Guardian Jobs Donate Chinese law defines statutory rape as having sex with a girl who is less than fourteen years of age. Age to visit. China has ratified major international documents with regard to childrenâs rights protection.Â Chinaâs domestic legislation also provides protection for a wide range of childrenâs rights.Â The reality, however, is disputable.Â Few accurate statistics could be obtained directly from the official source.Â In practice, enforcement of the treaty obligations and the legislative declarations remains a huge problem. Â According to Article 2 of the Maternal and Infant Health Law, â[t]he State shall develop maternal and infant health care projects and provide the necessary environments and material aids so as to ensure that mothers and infants receive medical and health care services.âÂ, The 135-article law covers pre-marital healthcare, pre-natal and post-natal healthcare, administrative provisions for medical assistance and facilities for treatment and health.Â The law requires medical institutions to offer pre-marital healthcare service, including health instruction, consultation, and medical examination. Â For the status of signatures, ratifications, and accessions, see the OHCHR Web site,Â http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/11.htm (external link) (last visited July 27, 2007). Â An offender under the age of fourteen does not result in criminal punishment under Chinese law. USA.gov, Implementation of International Rights of the Child, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/11.htm, http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu2/dopchild.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/11_c.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/cescr.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/3.htm#ratifications, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm#article1, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/states.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/childlabour.htm, http://www.hcch.net/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=69, http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm, http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/4.htm, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-04/13/content_2822511.htm, http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2007-07/24/content_695118.htm, http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_house_ , With regard to the implementation of its promises for international cooperation, the Chinese government reported in its 2004 human rights white paper that it âconscientiously wrote its first reports on the implementation of the âInternational Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rightsâ and the âOptional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography.âÂ It also claimed to have held a seminar on the questionnaire of the UN Independent Expert on Violence against Children, âgiven an honest, detailed answer to it, and submitted it to the United Nations.âÂ In addition, âin December 2004, China submitted to the United Nations its answer to the questionnaire on child pornography on the Internet based on careful study.â, The primary law governing child health in China is The PRC Law on Maternal and Infant Health (promulgated by the NPC Standing Committee, effective June 1, 1995) (Maternal and Infant Health Law). A/6316 (Dec. 16, 1966), 993 U.N.T.S. , Organizing or compelling others to prostitution may result in fixed-term imprisonment from five years to ten years and a fine.Â Organizing or compelling girls under the age of fourteen to prostitution, however, may result in a fixed-term imprisonment from ten years to life imprisonment or even the death penalty and confiscation of property. Â A list of the status of signatures, ratifications, and accessions is available on the same Web site, at http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/states.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007).Â China made a reservation to paragraph 1 of article 29 with regard to dispute resolution. ], an official Xinhua News Agency report, available at http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2004-05/26/content_1491207.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). , The Chinese government claims that it has taken effective measures to prevent and severely punish crimes in the trafficking of women and children, in the national report on child development mentioned above.  Congressional Executive Commission On China, 2007 Annual Report 108, available at http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_house_ If there are Chinese Visa Application Centers (CVASC) in your country, you can go there to submit the application; mailed applications are accepted in some CVASCs. , Article 15 of the Labor Law prohibits an employer to recruit minors under the age of sixteen, with exception made for institutions of literature, art, physical culture, and special crafts which may recruit minors through investigation and approval of the government authorities, and must guarantee the minorsâ rights to compulsory education. Y ufang Wei Chengnian Ren Fanzui Fa [The Law on Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency] (promulgated by the NPC Standing Committee, effective Nov. 1, 1999). , Article 51 of the Minors Protection Law provides prompt trial of cases brought by minors whose lawful rights and interests are injured.Â However, no specific time line is found in this law to decide how prompt the case shall be brought to trial. One study found that on average, a child who works 6.75 hours a day has 6.42 fewer hours to study. Â The law lays down the principle that the state shall establish a funding system to guarantee implementation of compulsory education. 25 (1982) (P.R.C).  E.g., Suzhou, a rich city of Jiangsu Province in east China, implemented the Childrenâs In-Hospital Medical Insurance System.Â Ertong Dabing Yiliao Baozhang Xu Jinkuai Quanguo Tongyi [Childrenâs Major Medical Insurance Needs to be Uniformed throughout the Country], http://news.xinhuanet.com/comments/ Â Though the CECC agrees that âthe overall extent of child labor in China is unclear due to the government categorizing data on the matter as âhighly secretâ,â it cited a report on child labor in China finding that âchild labors generally work in low-skill service sectors as well as small workshops and businesses, including textile, toy, and shoe manufacturing enterprises.â, China is on the âTier 2 Watch Listâ in the U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Report.Â According to this report, âThe Peopleâs Republic of China is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation.  Muying Baojian Fa [Law on Maternal and Infant Health] (promulgated by the NPC Standing Committee, effective June 1, 1995), 1994 Fagui Huibian 158 (official source). 1st August 2018 57 age limit? docid=f:38026.pdf (external link) (PDF) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). - One accurately and truthfully completed China Work Visa Application Form. at 43. (official source). Age 5-7 jobs in China.  Guowuyuan Guanyu Jianli Chengzhen Zhigong Jiben Yiliao Baoxian Zhidu de Jueding [The Decision on Establishing the Urban Employeesâ Basic Medical Insurance System] (issued by the State Council on Dec. 14, 1998). Working visa is provided only for those who hold bachelors degree or above education level. , Promiscuity may result in imprisonment for up to five years or forced labor under the PRC Criminal Law.Â Those who lure minors into promiscuity will be punished by a heavier penalty. My employer obtains a new work visa each year. Â Article 52 requires the court to protect the property rights of the minors, and respect the minorsâ wishes in handling the disputes over foster care. , The curriculum in all Chinese schools is decided by the governmental educational authority, namely the Ministry of Education.  Xing Fa [Criminal Law], art. Â People aged from ten to eighteen have limited capacity of civil conduct, and may only engage in civil activities appropriate to the age range and intellect.Â People under ten years old have no civil conduct capacity. An additional US$ 30 is charged for one working day processing, and US$ 20 for 2-3 working day processing. A five-year prison sentence and fine may result if the girl under 14 years of age was acting as a prostitute. hearings& 851) made under the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) sets out minimum-age restrictions for workers covering workplaces such as offices, stores, arenas, restaurants and factories, but people younger than the specified age may visit, though not work in the above establishments if they: In practice, age discrimination draws little attention in the area of employment, and employers have wide discretion in setting out the age threshold for any job positions, as long as it is not against child labour protection laws. I am supposed to go to China to teach English by end of January.  Local governments, especially those in developed areas, are establishing local medical insurance systems for the children residing in those areas. The Minors Protection Law requires the judiciary to protect minorsâ legal rights during judicial proceedings. Â Text books will be reviewed and may be censored by the government and may not be used without pre-approval of the state. The government, however, implements the âadvocatedâ policy strongly, which is widely criticized to be violating international human rights standards set up in the international childrenâs right documents mentioned in above part II.Â The Congressional-Executive Commission on China (CECC) detailed the coerced compliance with the policy performed by the officials to be âthrough a system marked by pervasive propaganda, mandatory monitoring of womenâs reproductive cycles, mandatory contraception, mandatory birth permits, coercive fines for failure to comply, and in some cases, forced sterilization and abortion.â Â In its 2007 Annual Report, the CECC concludes that in 2007: China continues to implement population planning policies that violate international human rights standards.Â These policies impose government control over womenâs reproductive lives, result in punitive actions against citizens not in compliance with the population planning policies, and engender additional abuses by officials who implement the policies at local levels.Â In 2007, the Party and government leadership reaffirmed its commitment to its population planning policies, and continues to implement such actions as charging large âsocial compensation feesâ to families that bear children âout of plan.â, The PRC Law on Compulsory Education (Compulsory Education Law) codifies school-age children the right to receive nine years of compulsory education (a six-year primary school and a three-year middle school). Cyprus Any age Georgia No limit India No limit Indonesia Minimum 27 years state school, max age 60 years old, None officially, not easy after 60 Israel 60s Japan 65 Kazakhstan No limit, They look at what offer against requirement… This Z visa itself only allows a stay duration of 30 days from the date of arrival in China, during which time you and your employer must seek a Temporary Residence Permit for the duration of your contract, to a minimum of 90 days and a maximum of 5 years. If you are not required to submit the medical form, you still need to take a medical check when applying for the Temporary Residence Permit in China. their marriage certificate for a spouse, or birth certificate for a child. U.N. Convention on Rights of the Child 1989 (CRC) (Entry into force for China: April 1, 1992); Optional Protocol to the Convention on Rights of Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography 2000 (Entry into force for China: January 3, 2003); International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1966 (Entry into force for China: June 27, 2001); The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women 1979 (Entry into force for China: December 3, 1981); Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention 1999 (Entry into force for China: August 8, 2003); The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption 1993 (Receipt of Instrument: September 16, 2005). Registration Certificate of Resident Representative Offices of enterprises of foreign countries (regions) - issued by Chinese authorities of industrial and commercial administration.c. A/44/49 (1989); 28 I.L.M. 15.Â 1994 Fagui Huibian 91, 94 (official source). Res. Â In cases of certain serious genetic disease found through the examination, long-term contraceptive measures or performance of tubal ligation operations shall be taken upon the agreement of the marrying couple. Article 2 The term “foreigners” in these Rules refers to the persons, who under the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China, do not have Chinese nationality. Â Committing rape in China may result in sentencing of a fixed-term imprisonment from three years to ten years, and if one of a list of âserious circumstancesâ spelled out in The PRC Criminal Law happens, a fixed-term imprisonment from ten years up to the death penalty may be imposed.Â The âserious circumstancesâ include (i) raping women or minors; (ii) raping a number of women or girls under the age of fourteen; (iii) raping a woman in public; (iv) raping in rotation by more than two offenders; and (v) causing serious injury or death to the victim or any other serious consequences. 1990, Reg. ChinaLawInfo (Chinalawinfo ID No. Â One of the circumstances the judge may consider in imposing a heavier sentence is whether the abducted child has been sold abroad. Their families are poor so they are willing to work to earn some money. The age you can start work depends on the state or territory that you work in.  Violation of this provision may result in a reprimand from the public security authorities. 18, 2001 FalÃ¼ Huibian 316, 320 (official source).  Guayun Guanche Luoshi Jinzhi Shiyong Tonggong Guiding de Tongzhi [Notice on Implementation of the Child Labor Provisions] (April 18, 2003), iSinoLaw (iSinoLaw ID No. The Regulation for Industrial Establishments (R.R.O.  The Minors Protection Law has seven chapters as follows: Chapter 1, General Principles; Chapter 2, Family Protection; Chapter 3, School Protection; Chapter 4, Society Protection; Chapter 5, Judicial Protection; Chapter 6, Legal Penalties; and Chapter 7, Miscellaneous.  Guowuyuan Bangongting Zhuanfa Jiaoyubu Deng Bumen Guanyu Jinyibu Zuohao Jincheng Wugong Jiuye Nongmin Zinv Yiwu Jiaoyu Gongzuo Yijian De Tongzhi [State Council Circular Transmitting the Opinion of the Education and Other Ministries Relating to Further Work on Migrant Childrenâs Compulsory Education] (Sept. 17, 2003), available at the online subscription Chinese law database Chinalawinfo (Chinalawinfo ID no. It makes the process a university typically the recruiting agency or school will collect the documents. ÂMinorsâ are defined as citizens less than eighteen years old a five-year prison sentence and may. 1999 Gazette of the National People 's Congress 308 ( P.R.C. labour law âminorsâ... [ 55 ] Guanzhu Weichengnian Ren: Shenmeyang de Haizi Song Gongdu?. Is prohibited fluent in English and with a native Beijinger who has studied and lived in the U.S., PRC... Report, supra note 33 legal working age in china receive the visa order to receive the visa Human and. 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